Now a days electrical gadget are increasing in our lives and demand for power is ever increasing. So, here are some precious awareness tips for your economy and safety of using electricity carefully.
ENERGY ECONOMY AND SAFETY AWARENESS TIPS:
*Buy energy efficient products: Sun frost's refrigerators use 1/10th the energy of other brands. *Compact Florescent light (CFL) bulbs save a lot of energy. They are expensive to buy. They have a long life span, ranging form 7000 to 10000 hours, compared with only about 1000 hours for the incandescent bulb. *Fluorescent Lamp requires only about 20 percent of the electrical energy used by an incandescent bulb to produce the same amount of light. *Incandescent or mercury vapor lamps, low pressure sodium lamps can be effective way in reducing electrical energy of lightening system. *Photocells turn lights on and off in response to natural light levels. *Dimmers also increase the service life of incandescent lamps significantly. *Modified air-conditioners that provide 90 percent of the comfort of air-conditioners using less than 35 percent of the power. Use an ambiator, one can get a temperature of 23-27 degrees. *Make sure that all lights and appliances are switched off after use, before locking up the house and before going to the bed. *If you need constant lightening in the house/staircase/corridors or the toilet, resort to using a zero watt bulb constantly in those areas. *Try and avoid using the drier of your washing machine, except during wet weather, to save up on the current bill. Moreover, sun dried clothes turn out crisper and fresher. *Do not leave the music system, computer, television and other appliances switched on when you are not using them constantly. *Avoid using electrically operated devices to exercise your body; this measure will cut the flab on the electricity bill as well as on your body. *Service your electronic devices every now and then and change them if they are too old. Clean stabilizers and electronic appliances periodically to ensure smooth functioning. (See our Art of Awareness living circular titled Safety and Security Awareness tips for Home Appliances). *Avoid using fancy lighting as much as you can. *Avoid unnecessary electrical charging of batteries, cell phones and generators. *Whenever you use the electrical devices to the optimum extent by maximizing their capacity, the consumption of electricity automatically goes up. *During the day when it is brighter outside, open the curtains and use the sunlight instead of turning on the lights. *Arrange desks and work surfaces to take advantage of day lighting. Arrange work surfaces so that sidewall day lighting crosses the task at a perpendicular angle to the line of vision. *Put lights and equipment 'on' in office and home when you need it; and 'off' when you do not need it. *Use energy efficient lamps and fluorescent tube of lesser wattage. *Replace incandescent lamps with compact fluorescent lamps for up to 80 per cent reduction in electricity use. *Replace fluorescent lamp ballasts with electronic ones. *Multi level light bulbs are energy savers if they are used at the lowest wattage. *Put lower wattage bulbs in fixtures for area lighting or exterior lighting. *Up to 60 per cent of electricity bill is due to electric water heater and by turning the water heater setting down by few degrees, energy is saved. *Wash full loads when using the washing machine or clothes dryer. *Do not leave windows or doors open when the heat or air conditioner is on. *Painting ceiling and walls with a lighter and more reflective paint, ceiling tiles or floor coverings will increase the light level in a room. *Switch off the electrical supply in the house while going on tour, close all the room doors.
ENERGY SAFETY AWARENESS TIPS:
*If an appliance repeatedly blows a fuse, circuit breakers repeatedly trip, lights dim or you smell burning metal or plastic, it's a sign that either there is a problem with the wiring- or you are overloading the circuit. You may need to replace the circuit or get a service upgrade. *Insulation can damage when it's rubbed or pierced, or circuit is heavily loaded. When that happens, wires get hot and insulation can crack or fray. *Seven common Warning signs: -Overload sockets. -Flickering or dimming lights. -Burning metal or plastic smell. -Wobbly, ill fitting plugs. -Frequent tripping circuit breakers. -Reliance or extension cords. -Hot or discolored receptacles, switch-plates, cords or plugs. *It is advisable to switch off the main when any major electric supply repair work is going on. Otherwise there are chances of major breakdown of electric appliances of the house, because of accidental short circuit. *It is advisable to disconnect major electrical appliances like fridge, TV, DVD players, Computer etc. at the time of lightening to protect them from burn out. *Check for outlets that have loose-fitting plugs, which can overheat and lead to fire. Replace any missing or broken wall plates. Make sure there are safety covers on all unused outlets that are accessible to children. *While using ceiling fans, make sure they are 'off' when no one is in the room. *Do not 'off' TV and DVD players with remote and computer with switching off the monitor. *Do not overload the wiring system/electric circuit. *Do not put too many plugs in one socket. *Never insert naked wire in sockets. *Don't make temporary connections. Follow correct procedure. *Don't keep any combustible or flammable materials in close proximity of electrical wiring, bulbs, tube lights, fittings etc. Always ensure a safe distance. *Always use fuses of proper rating.
MAINTENANCE AWARENESS TIPS:
*Periodically, properly maintain electrical service items like fridge, washing machine, mixie, A/C, room cooler or heater, etc for less power consumption with optimum service. *Clean the glass of fluorescent fixtures periodically so light transmittance loss is minimized.
REFRIGERATOR ECONOMY AWARENESS TIPS:
*Plan ahead what you need from the refrigerator before opening the door. Keeping the door open for as short as possible saves energy. *Standing with the refrigerator door open lets humid air in, this makes it harder to cool and it will condense in the freezer into ice. *Manual defrost refrigerator use less energy than automatic defrost models. *Be sure there is enough clearance at the back of the refrigerator for air to circulate. The coils are heat exchange devices that transfer heat from the unit to the air by way of a circulating fluid inside. *Store only foods that must be refrigerated in the icebox. *Keep foods covered tightly to reduce moisture buildup in the icebox. It takes more energy to cool humid air than dry air. *Wipe moisture from bottles and cartons before putting them in refrigerator to be sure they do not add to the latent load. *The coils at the back of the refrigerator are heat exchange surfaces. Keep them clean and the unit will operate at peak efficiency. *Defrost the freezer regularly to keep ice from building up on the coils and making the unit operate less efficiently. *Remove old items from the refrigerator regularly so you don't waste electricity keeping them cold all the time.
GENERAL SAFETY AWARENESS TIPS:
*Be careful about the use of electrical heaters/ovens etc. Ensure that no gas cylinders/combustible/flammable liquid container is kept in rooms where these are used. *Never keep the soldering rod in ON condition on wooden or other combustible material. Be careful about the use of electric pressing iron. Don't keep hot iron on wooden material or garments etc. after use. *Cords should not be overloaded. Extension cords should only be used on a temporary basis. Make sure extension cords have safety closures to help prevent children from shock hazards and mouth-burn injuries. *Never remove the ground pin (the 3rd prong) to make a 3-prong fit a 2-conductor outlet: this could lead to an electrical shock. *Never force a plug into an outlet if it doesn't fit. Avoid overloading outlets with too many appliances. *Earth Leakage Circuit Breaker (ELCB) can help prevent electrocution. They should be used in any area where water and electricity may come into contact. When an ELCB senses current leakage in an electrical circuit, it assumes a ground fault has occurred. It then interrupts power fast enough to help prevent serious injury from electrical shock. *Check the wattage of all bulbs in light fixtures to make sure they are the correct wattage for the size of the fixture. Make sure bulbs are screwed in securely; loose bulbs may overheat. *Circuit breakers and fuses should be the correct size current rating for their circuit. Always, replace a fuse with the same size fuse. *Do not leave plugged in appliances where they may come into contact with water. If a plugged-in appliance falls into water, never reach in to pull it out - even if it is off. First, turn off the power source at the panel board and then unplug the appliance. *If you have an appliance that has got wet, don't use it until it has been checked by a qualified repair person. *Electric power mowers and other tools should not be used in the rain, on wet grass or in wet conditions. Inspect power tools and electric lawn mowers before each use for frayed power cords, broken plugs and cracked or broken housings. Repair it or replace it. *During atmospheric lightning, do not use appliances (i.e., hairdryers, toasters and radios) or telephones (except in an emergency); do not take a bath or shower. *Space heaters are meant for supplying supplemental heat. Keep space heaters at least 3 feet away from any combustible materials such as bedding, clothing, draperies, furniture and rugs. *Halogen floor lamps operate at much higher temperatures than a standard incandescent light bulb. *Replace a fused bulb only after the electricity is switched off. *Avoid tapping of electricity supply by inserting bare wires in the sockets. *Always use standard materials with ISI marks even if it costs more.
DO'S AND DON'TS:
*Don't allow storage underneath bulb. *Get your electrical wiring installed/checked by a certified licensed electrical technician/ contractors. *Do not drive vehicles/bullock carts underneath sagging electrical lines. *Do not try to remove/chop trees fallen on electricity lines. *Do not touch snapped wires. *Do not cut trees/branches near the overhead electric lines. *Do not climb electric poles. *Do not use wire tied to a pole for drying clothes. *Do not tie banners or publicity material to electricity poles. *Do not touch the fencing around transformers. *Do not operate electrical switches/equipments with wet hands. *Do not try to tie animals/pets to electric poles/wires. *Do not energize the fences. *Do not construct buildings close to electricity wires. *Make sure cords are in good condition - not frayed or cracked. Make sure they are placed out of traffic areas. Cords should never be nailed or stapled to the wall, baseboard or to another object. Don't take cords or any wiring beneath mats/rugs/durries/carpets etc. or rest any furniture on them.
HOME PLAN AWARENESS TIPS:
*Construct your house with good cross ventilation system. *Keep proper ventilators to your house. *Use enough open space around your house. *Plant trees around your house. *Paint your house with light bright paint. *Use enough wide windows and grilled doors to your house. *Construct wide rooms.
By following above guidelines one can save the precious family member's life and they can save more than 30% of the monthly electricity bill.