Soya bean-belongs to the family of legumes. Probably it may be one of the earliest crops cultivated by man. It is a native of Manchuria. It was the staple food of China. It was first brought into Chinas Kitchen during the Shang dynasty (C.1700-1100 BC). Soya bean traveled ancient trade routes to Korea, Japan Southeast Asia, Nepal and India. Because its immense, unlimited health, therapeutic benefits, it was popularly known as "Yellow Jewel" in China. In Japan it was not only taken as food for body but also as food for soul. Mahatma Gandhi called it as "food of the pen" and it covered major portion of the food of the daily consumption of the Sabarmati Ashram residents. Proteins are important for tissue growth as well as for combating diseases. The diet of millions of people in different parts of the world is deficient in protein. In India due to religion and economic reasons even the very best food has been found lacking in proteins. Soya bean is the one source of complete protein especially for vegetarians. It contains all amino acids, best of all vegetable proteins and ranks in the respect of milk, egg and meat. Because of its invaluable unlimited health benefits Soya bean is popularly known as "YELLOW JEWEL".
CONTENTS OF SOYA BEAN: 100 grams of Soya bean contains 43 grams of Protein, 240 mg of Calcium, 690 mg of phosphorous and 10 mg of iron. Soya beans are highly rich contents of Vitamin A, E, K and some B complex Vitamins. They also have abundant contents of good minerals - Potassium, iron, phosphorous and Calcium. Other valuable constituents include, soflavanes, sponins and phytosterols. It contains all the body essentially needing nine amino acids. It is also rich in Omega-3 fatty acids, dietary fibre etc. 100 grams of Soya bean give 397 calories energy.
SOYA BEAN BENEFITS TO THE CHILDREN: Few infants are allergetic to the mother's, cow, buffallow or any other animal milk. It is good substitute milk for such children. It is also great diet for growing children, as it fulfills their high dietary protein requirement, given in the form of Soya milk.
SOYA BEAN BENEFITS TO ANEMIC PEOPLE: Soya bean is rich in iron and it has been found very beneficial to the people who are suffering with anemia. But, it should be given in readily available form to anaemics.
SOYA BEAN BENEFITS TO THE HAIR, SKIN AND GLANDS: Soya bean contains lenuleic acids which will benefit the hairs, skin and glands.
SOYA BEAN BENEFITS TO THE BREAST, COLON AND PROSTATE: Scientifically it is proved that a diet high in Soya proteins has a protection effect against breast, colon and prostate cancer. The scientific studies conducted in China and Japan where Soya is consumed in large quantities, women have suffered low rate of breast cancer. Free radicals formed in the body due to various reasons can damage DNA, which is regarded as preliminary step in cancer production. Anti oxidants and isoflavones found in Soya fight free radicals and there by prevents cancer.
SOYA BEAN IS THE STONE HOUSE OF FIBRE: As per the dieticians recommendations, our diet should include 40 grams of dietary fibre every day. Since Soya bean is very rich in fibre, it will provide enough daily desired dietary fibre. The fibre has got the property of holding water, behaves like a sponge and facilitates easy, free, smooth bowel movement. Thus Soya bean helps in alleviating piles and eliminating constipation.
SOYA BEAN HELPS TO CONTROL THE BODY WEIGHT: Dietary fibre content decreases the after meal glucose levels in the blood. Due to this miracle effect, Soya bean consumption will helps in getting the feeling of fullness in the stomach, controls blood glucose levels as well as tries to control the body weight.
SOYA BEAN STIMULATES INTESTINAL BACTERIA: Since Soya bean is the rich source of Vitamins of B Complex, it stimulates the growth of intestinal bacteria.
SOYA BEAN AND HEALTHY HEART: The laboratory studies on the Cardiovascular system have shown interesting encouraging results when high Soya diets was given to monkeys, lowered 'bad' cholesterol level almost as effective as drugs. This encouragingly, in turn reduces the risk of heart related diseases and the rate of heart attacks by as much as 75%. It is also proved that consumption of Soya bean drastically reduces the 'BAD' Cholesterol levels in the blood. It fight against atherosclerosis and helps to maintain proper blood circulation without farming any blockages. Soya has got the ability of controlling atherosclerosis which is the prime cause of cardio vascular diseases. It has shown that Soya consuming patients reduced 10% bad cholesterol, reduced 22% triglycerides, reduced 14% hamosystines in their blood tests.
SOYA BEAN IS FRIENDLY FOR VARIOUS SYSTEMS: Soya bean contains high lecithin and it is highly effective in mental fatigue and various nervous disorders.
SOYA BEAN AND IMMUNE SYSTEM: Soya bean is the tonic of immune system. It improves the immune system, particularly old age people, by boosting anti bodies production by 65%.
SOYA BEAN AND SKIN HEALTH: Soya bean reduces inflammatory activity in skin. It is also regarded as valuable in the remedy of eczema, other infections and preventing in various kinds of skin allergies.
SOYA BEAN AND EYE: Soya bean consumption lower the chances of Cataract development in the eyes.
SOYA BEAN AND KIDNEYS: Soya bean is very much kidney friendly. It supports kidneys and helps to strengthen kidneys working system. It is a great food for diabetics, because of its strengthy support kidneys effectively works long, hence slows down the Kidney damage.
SOYA BEAN AND CAFFEINELESS COFFEE: Roast Soya bean and ground, can make excellent Coffee powder, free from caffeine. It is very popular in the form of nuggets under the popular brand name 'NUTRELA'. This will be coffee liking hyper tension patients, which satisfy the coffee taste and keeps off from increasing B.P.
SOYA BEAN AND CANCER: Soya bean sprouts rich in anti oxidants and they fight against lung, colon, rectal, stomach, prostate, breast cancers.
SOYA BEAN AND DIABETICS: In type 2 diabetic patients, body cells cant recognize insulin. So, they cant absorb the glucose from the blood, so, since they cant absorb enough glucose, cells will steadily constantly damage and the excess glucose in blood flow in to urine, which ultimately increases the Kidneys load steadily leads to kidney damage. But, it is observed that the diabetic patients who regularly consume Soya bean their ulbumin discharge in urine was reduced by 9.5% compared to non Soya consuming diabetic patients. So, Soya bean is very highly respected as friendly food for diabetics.
SOYA BEAN AND OBESITY: Soya protein wonderfully works in reducing the excess body weight in obessy people. Whenever one reduces the excess body weight, then in type 2 diabetic patients it reduces the insulin resistance in the body. So the diabetics will be in control. If you prevent your body with awareness not to exceed normal specified body weight, then you are sure and safe that far away from the attack of multi complicated life disorder diabetics. Thus Soya bean helps in controlling your body weight and keeps off from diabetics.
SOYA BEAN AND WOMEN'S HEALTH: Soya protein has been found to have unlimited benefits in improving women's health. Especially for menopausal women, it has shown advantageous results in breast and prostate cancers. It reduces the hot flushes and memory loss.
SOYA BEAN AND SEX: Soya bean is good for sex vitality. Phytomstrogens of Soya help in eliminating some of the symptoms of menopause that decreases the sexual desire.
SOYA BEAN AND BONES: Bone loss in the first 4 years after menopause is faster than after 12 years. Studies conducted on such women slows Soya protein shown increase in bone mass or at least further bone loss has been arrested. Osteoporosis is a disease in which the bones become brittle and hence more easily liable for cracks and breaks. There are many risk factors for osteoporosis, including ageing, harmones deficiency, a chronic insufficient intake of calcium and a reduntary life style etc. Clinical studies shown that vegetarian women who have consumed higher intake of Soya protein have a lower risk of developing osteoporosis.
SOYA BEAN QUANTITY REQUIREMENT: It is enough if one consumes regularly 25 - 50 grams per day to get all usual health benefit expected.
HOW TO CONSUME SOYA BEAN: Foods derived from Soya beans include tofu, tempty, soya milk, vegetable protein, soya flour, milo, sprouts, soya sauce and meat substitutes etc.
TOFU: It is paneer prepared with Soya bean rich in minerals and an excellent source of high quality proteins, polyunsaturated fat, B-complex vitamins and iron. It is bland in taste. It can be included in vegetable palao, vegetable fried rice, by roasting tofu peas and mixing with palao. It can also be crumbled or sliced and added to vegetable noodles, spring roles or cutlets. Can be used as substitute to paneer in side dishes.
SOYA BEAN OIL: This mainly contains polyunsaturated fats, rich in Vitamin E, which is powerful anti oxidant. Oil can be as usual used for cooking.
SOYA MILK: This is the great source of protein equivalent to animal protein. It is available in different flavours. Soya milk doesn't contain saturated fats or cholesterol and it is extremely beneficial to those who have high blood cholesterol.
SOYA FLOUR: This is the very simple and popularly common form of using Soya as routine use. Add a cup of soya flour for every four cups of atta to make chapathis. This will not give any indication of Soya's strong flavour.
SOYA SAUCE: This is the combination of Soya and Wheat and used in many Chinese dishes, now even used in Indian homes as well.
In addition to these forms there are so many side dishes can be prepared to suit your taste and liking. If you refer Kitchen books or attend or watch T.V. Cooking classes with Soya bean. Since Soya bean has got so many unlimited health benefits Chinese called it as 'The Yellow Jewel'. There is no doubt even if we call the wonder Soya bean as "HALTHY WEALTH" with this elaborate awareness, make it a routine daily practice to consume Soya bean and enjoy the entire precious life span with sound health with attached bonus of happiness.